Can't read the data from old internal hdd with sata-to-usb cable (as external)

by Letitbe   Last Updated November 06, 2017 19:02 PM

I had a 500GB HDD with 265GB , 205GB and 30GB approximate size partitions (windows and two linux distros ) . Then i had bad sector and changed it with 250GB SSD . When i connect my old HDD with sata-to-usb cable , i see 4 partitions from my current ubuntu (16.04) (The extra partition is the one related with booting at startup with 1GB size) . The problem is , i can only open the partition that has 265GB Windows 7 . When i click others , i get these errors :

Unable to access “31 GB Volume”

Error mounting /dev/sdb6 at /media/myHome/f2279d70-9a85-4f4d-a6e7-90558734470e: Command-line `mount -t "ext4" -o "uhelper=udisks2,nodev,nosuid" "/dev/sdb6" "/media/myHome/f2279d70-9a85-4f4d-a6e7-90558734470e"' exited with non-zero exit status 32: mount: /dev/sdb6: can't read superblock

Unable to access “204 GB Volume”

Error mounting /dev/sdb5 at /media/myHome/EE72CB1872CAE505: Command-line `mount -t "ntfs" -o "uhelper=udisks2,nodev,nosuid,uid=1000,gid=1000" "/dev/sdb5" "/media/myHome/EE72CB1872CAE505"' exited with non-zero exit status 13: The disk contains an unclean file system (0, 0). The file system wasn't safely closed on Windows. Fixing. ntfs_attr_pread_i: ntfs_pread failed: Input/output error Failed to read NTFS $Bitmap: Input/output error NTFS is either inconsistent, or there is a hardware fault, or it's a SoftRAID/FakeRAID hardware. In the first case run chkdsk /f on Windows then reboot into Windows twice. The usage of the /f parameter is very important! If the device is a SoftRAID/FakeRAID then first activate it and mount a different device under the /dev/mapper/ directory, (e.g. /dev/mapper/nvidia_eahaabcc1). Please see the 'dmraid' documentation for more details.

with 204GB partition , the code uses ' mount -t "ntsf" ... ' and i changed 'ntsf' with 'ext4' and run that on terminal with sudo , yet i had an error again.

Here is my sudo fdisk -l result :

Disk /dev/sdb: 465,8 GiB, 500107860992 bytes, 976773166 sectors

Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes

Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes

I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes Disklabel type: dos

Disk identifier: 0xd9fa2484

Device Boot Start End Sectors Size Id Type

/dev/sdb1 * 2048 2050047 2048000 1000M b W95 FAT32

/dev/sdb2 2050048 514050047 512000000 244,1G 7 HPFS/NTFS/exFAT

/dev/sdb3 514050048 974725119 460675072 219,7G f W95 Ext'd (LBA)

/dev/sdb4 974725120 976773119 2048000 1000M 12 Compaq diagnostics

/dev/sdb5 514052096 913283071 399230976 190,4G 7 HPFS/NTFS/exFAT

/dev/sdb6 913285120 974725119 61440000 29,3G 7 HPFS/NTFS/exFAT

When i open 265GB Windows 7 partition , it freezes sometimes or open slows due to bad sector , but i want to open other partitions without formatting the HDD . Why i can not open , what is the problem and how can i solve it ?

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